What's New :
ITS 2025: Integrated Test Series & Mentorship Program for Prelims and Mains. Get Details
9th March 2022 (6 Topics)

Petascale Supercomputer “PARAM Ganga” established at IIT Roorkee under National Supercomputing Mission


Recently, a Made in India Petascale Supercomputer "PARAM Ganga" has been installed at IIT Roorkee.


About National Supercomputing Mission (NSM):

  • The Mission envisages empowering our national academic and R&D institutions spread over the country by installing a vast supercomputing grid comprising of more than 70 high-performance computing facilities.
  • These supercomputers will also be networked on the National Supercomputing grid over the National Knowledge Network (NKN).
  • The NKN is another programme of the government which connects academic institutions and R&D labs over a high speed network.
  • The National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) is being steered jointly by Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeiTY) and the Department of Science and Technology (DST).
  • It is being implemented by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) and Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore.
  • The four major pillars of the NSM, namely, Infrastructure, Applications, R&D, HRD, have been functioning efficiently to realize the goal of developing indigenous supercomputing eco system of the nation.
  • Objective:
  • To make India one of the world leaders in Supercomputing and to enhance India’s capability in solving grand challenge problems of national and global relevance
  • To empower our scientists and researchers with state-of-the-art supercomputing facilities and enable them to carry out cutting-edge research in their respective domains
  • To minimize redundancies and duplication of efforts, and optimize investments in supercomputing
  • To attain global competitiveness and ensure self-reliance in the strategic area of supercomputing technology
  • Some of the large-scale applications which are being developed under NSM include the following.
  • NSM Platform for Genomics and Drug Discovery.
  • Urban Modelling: Science Based Decision Support Framework to Address Urban Environment Issues (Meteorology, Hydrology, Air Quality).
  • Flood Early Warning and Prediction System for River Basins of India.
  • HPC Software Suite for Seismic Imaging to aid Oil and Gas Exploration.
  • MPPLAB: Telecom Network Optimization.

About Supercomputer:

  • A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance compared to a general-purpose computer.
  • Performance of a supercomputer is measured in floating-point operations per second (FLOPS) instead of million instructions per second (MIPS).
  • Supercomputers contain tens of thousands of processors and can perform billions and trillions of calculations or computations per second.
  • Some supercomputers can perform up to a hundred quadrillion FLOPS.
  • Since information moves quickly between processors in a supercomputer (compared to distributed computing systems) they are ideal for real-time applications.
  • Supercomputers are used for data-intensive and computation-heavy scientific and engineering purposes such as quantum mechanics, weather forecasting, oil and gas exploration, molecular modeling, physical simulations, aerodynamics, nuclear fusion research and cryptoanalysis.

Fastest supercomputers: According to the TOP500 list, the world's fastest supercomputer is

  • Japan's Fugaku at a speed of 442 petaflops as of June 2021.
  • IBM supercomputers, Summit and Sierra, garner the second and third spots, clocking in at 148.8 and 94.6 petaflops, respectively.

India’s fastest Supercomputers:

As of June 2021 there are 3 systems based in India on the TOP500 supercomputer list.





Centre for Development of Advanced Computing



Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology

Pratyush (Cray XC40)


National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting

Mihir (Cray XC40)

 About “PARAM Ganga”:

  • The new system, designed and commissioned by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) under the auspices of the NSM, will offer 1.66 (presumably peak) petaflops.

About National Knowledge Network (NKN):

  • National Knowledge Network (NKN) was established in 2010.
  • Its objective is to interconnect all institutions of higher learning and research with a high-speed data communication network.
  • It will be helpful to facilitate knowledge sharing and collaborative research.
  • Implementation: National Informatics Centre (NIC), under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, is the implementing agency.

Verifying, please be patient.

Enquire Now