APJ Abdul Kalam: Missile Man of India
25th Oct, 2021
Recently, the Prime Minister paid tribute to the former President APJ Abdul Kalam on his 90th birth anniversary.
About Dr APJ Abdul Kalam
- Dr APJ Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu.
- His birthday is celebrated as National Innovation Day.
- He graduated with a degree in Science from St Joseph's College, Trichy in 1954 and did a degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the Madras Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1957.
- He is one of the most respected scientists in India with the unique honor of receiving accredited doctoral degrees from 48 Universities and institutions from India and abroad.
- He was sworn in as India's 11th President in 2002 and completed his term in 2007.
- He planned to produce a number of successful missiles, which helped him earn the nickname "Missile Man".
- He was a pioneer in fiberglass technology and led a small team to launch this effort in ISRO from construction, in a development that led to the production of computerized rocket motor cases.
- He was instrumental as Project Director to develop India's first native satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-3) which successfully injected the Rohini satellite into Near-Earth Orbit in July 1980 and made India a special member of the Space Club.
- He was responsible for the emergence of the ISRO launch vehicle program, particularly the PSLV configuration.
- After working for 20 years at ISRO and having the expertise to introduce automotive technology, he has taken on the responsibility of developing the Indigenous Guide.
- He has been the Chief Executive of Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP).
- It has led to the use of missile strategic weapons and the testing of Pokhran-II in collaboration with the Atomic Energy Department, making India a World Nuclear Weapon.
- In 1998, he launched a national program called Technology Vision 2020, which he described as a road map to transform India from a less developed society to a more developed society in 20 years.
- The plan required that, among other things, increase agricultural productivity, emphasize technology as a means to grow the economy, and increase access to health and education.
- He was interested in bringing prosperity to rural areas through PURA (Providing Urban Amenities to Rural Areas), where science and technology should play a major role.
He has been awarded the most prestigious awards -
- Padma Bhushan (1981)
- Padma Vibhushan (1990)
- The highest public award Bharat Ratna (1997)