Barbados becomes the World’s newest republic
7th Dec, 2021
Recently, Barbados has officially removed Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state and become the World’s newest republic, around 400 years after it became a British colony.
The country profile
- Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of the Americas, and the most easterly of the Caribbean Islands.
- It is in the western part of the North Atlantic, east of the Windward Islands and the Caribbean Sea.
- Its neighbours include Saint Lucia, to the north, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, to the west, and Trinidad and Tobago to the south.
- Barbados is outside the principal Atlantic hurricane belt.
- On November 30, 1966, Barbados gained its independence.
- Dame Sandra Prunella Mason and Mia Amor Mottley are the current President and Prime minister of Barbados.
- Barbados is part of Caribbean Community (CARICOM) which was formed in 1973.
- While it is an Atlantic island, Barbados is closely associated with the Caribbean and is ranked as one of its leading tourist destinations.
- After removed Queen Elizabeth II as the head of the state.
- Dame Sandra Prunella Mason took over as the President of Barbados.
- Mason was selected to become the first president of Barbados in October 2021.
- Mason was selected as President of Barbados, at a joint meeting of both the Houses of Parliament of Barbados.
- His name was announced by Speaker of the House of Assembly, Arthur Holder.
- Barbados will not be the first former British colony in the Caribbean to become a republic.
- Guyana took that step in 1970, less than four years after gaining independence from Britain. Trinidad and Tobago followed suit in 1976 and Dominica in 1978.
- Barbados is said to have been made a ‘slave society’ by the British.
- Barbados first became an English colony in 1625. It was a part of the British Empire for over 400 years, a link in the lines of trade, commerce and oppression that English mercantilism and colonialism fostered for centuries.
- It gained its independence in 1966.
- Slaves, indentured labour, a lack of democracy — the Caribbean was home to some of the most institutionalised and invisibilised horrors in history.