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China launches third aircraft carrier in major military milestone

  • Category
    Science & Technology
  • Published
    29th Jun, 2022

Context

China recently launched its third aircraft carrier, the country’s most advanced.

About

  • China’s first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, was a refit of the Soviet-era ship commissioned in 2012, followed by the indigenously built 2nd aircraft carrier Shandong in 2019.
    • China plans to have around five aircraft carriers.
  • The aircraft carrier named Fujian was launched at a brief ceremony held at Shanghai’s Jiangnan Shipyard.
  • The Fujian is China’s first domestically designed and built catapult aircraft carrier.
    • The launch was delayed by two months due to the COVID lockdown of Shanghai.
  • The third aircraft carrier built by China State Shipbuilding Corporation Limited has a displacement of more than 80,000 tonnes and is equipped with electromagnetic catapults and arresting devices.
  • The Fujian, which is the “first fully domestically developed and constructed” aircraft carrier with an electromagnetic aircraft launch system (EMALS), has a flat, straight flight deck and arresting device.
    • It has a full displacement of more than 80,000 tonnes, as much as 20,000 tonnes more than the other two aircraft carriers.
    • Fujian is the name of China’s eastern coastal province of Fujian.

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