What's New :
Open Webinar for Mains 2021 : Register Now

Diabetes

  • Category
    Science & Technology
  • Published
    13th Aug, 2019

The South Asian population, including Indians, have been showing symptoms of diabetes for at least 11,000 years now. Besides, the stature of this population began to reduce and since 7,000 years, has fallen by 8.5 cm among males and by 7.7 cm among females, a new study has found.

Context

The South Asian population, including Indians, have been showing symptoms of diabetes for at least 11,000 years now. Besides, the stature of this population began to reduce and since 7,000 years, has fallen by 8.5 cm among males and by 7.7 cm among females, a new study has found.

Study Findings

  • Origins of the diabetes have been traced to the Mesolithic period.
  • That is the time when the lean mass of the South Asian population began to dip, making their bodies more susceptible to type-2 diabetes.
  • Lower lean mass is associated with poorer control of blood glucose and greater susceptibility to the diabetes.
  • South Asian population began growing shorter in height than the Europeans due to major dietary and environment changes which began to occur around 7,000 years ago.

About

  • Diabetes is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. The hormone insulin moves sugar from the blood to cells to be stored or used for energy.
  • With diabetes, body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t effectively use the insulin it does make.
  • Untreated high blood sugar from diabetes can damage nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs.

Different types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes:It is an autoimmune disease. The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is made. It’s unclear what causes this attack. About 10 percent of people with diabetes have this type.

  • Type 2 diabetes: It occurs when body becomes resistant to insulin, and sugar builds up in your blood.It stems from a combination of genetics and lifestyle factors.

  • Pre-diabetes: It occurs when blood sugar is higher than normal, but it’s not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
  • Gestational diabetes:It is high blood sugar during pregnancy. Insulin-blocking hormones produced by the placenta cause this type of diabetes.

Mesolithic Period

  • The Mesolithic or Middle Stone Age is an archaeological term used to describe specific cultures that fall between the Paleolithic and the Neolithic Periods.
  • The use of small chipped stone tools called Microliths and retouched bladelets are the key factor to identify the Mesolithic as a prehistoric period.
  • Mesolithic people likely continued the art forms developed during the Upper Paleolithic Period, including cave paintings and engravings , small sculptural artifacts , and early megalithic architecture.
  • Some Mesolithic sites are Bagor in Rajasthan and Adamgarh in Madhya Pradesh.
X
Enquire Now