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India pledges new climate crisis goal: Net zero by 2070

  • Category
    Environment
  • Published
    8th Nov, 2021

Context

As part of a five-point action plan, the Indian government has announced that the country will reach carbon neutrality by 2070.

What is ‘net zero’?

  • Net Zero refers to a balance where emissions of greenhouse gases are offset by the absorption of an equivalent amount from the atmosphere.
  • It is seen as a critical measure to successfully tackle climate change and its devastating consequences.

The other important commitments

  • India will increase its non-fossil energy capacity to 550GW by 2030.
  • India will meet 50% of its energy requirement from renewable energy by 2030.
  • India will reduce the total projected carbon emissions by one billion tonnes from now to 2030.
  • India will reduce the carbon intensity of its economy by 45% (from a previous target of 35%).

Important facts

  • India has the lowest per capita emissions of the world’s major economies -- emitting 5% of the total, despite accounting for 17% of the world’s population.
  • In absolute terms, India is the fourth-largest carbon emitter after China and the United States.
  • China has pledged to turn carbon neutral by 2060 while the US and the European Union – as a block, EU nations together account for the third-largest volume of emissions – aim to do so by 2050.
  • India hasn’t submitted an updated nationally determined contribution (NDCs) with these commitments to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) yet.
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