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International Anti Corruption Day 2021

  • Category
    Polity & Governance
  • Published
    13th Dec, 2021

Context

International Anti-Corruption Day is observed on December 9 every year globally to raise awareness on the importance of a corruption-free society.

Background

  • In December 2003 the first step to fight against international corruption was taken by the United Nation by passing the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC). 
    • It was drafted on 31st October 2003. 
  • UNAC is a treaty between UN member states which was signed on 9 December and came into effect on 14 December 2005. 
  • International Anti-Corruption Day is organized by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) every year all over the world.
  • On 9 December, 2006 the first International Anti Corruption Day was observed in India by signing the UN Convention against corruption.
  • The aim of this treaty was to legally bind the members of the states to work in reducing corruption and enforce law and order.
  • 5 points were explained in the agreement, they are-
    • To take necessary steps for preventing corruption.
    • Enforcing law and order.
    • To reduce corruption, cooperate at the international level.
    • Recovery of Asset and its return to the country of origin.
    • To provide technical assistance and exchange of information.

Theme

  • The theme of International Anti-Corruption Day 2021 is "Your right, your role: say no to corruption”.
    • The theme of International Anti-Corruption Day 2020 was ‘Recover with Integrity to Build Forward Better’. 

 United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC)

  • The headquarters of UNCAC is located in Merida and New York. 
  • United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) is a landmark, international anti-corruption treaty adopted by the UN General Assembly in October 2003.
  • The UNCAC is the ever-first legally binding global Anti-corruption instrument.
  • The United Nations office on drug and crime (UNODC) is mandated by its member states to assist in the implementation of both UNCAC and UNTOC.
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