International Anti Corruption Day 2021
Polity & Governance
13th Dec, 2021
International Anti-Corruption Day is observed on December 9 every year globally to raise awareness on the importance of a corruption-free society.
- In December 2003 the first step to fight against international corruption was taken by the United Nation by passing the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC).
- It was drafted on 31st October 2003.
- UNAC is a treaty between UN member states which was signed on 9 December and came into effect on 14 December 2005.
- International Anti-Corruption Day is organized by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) every year all over the world.
- On 9 December, 2006 the first International Anti Corruption Day was observed in India by signing the UN Convention against corruption.
- The aim of this treaty was to legally bind the members of the states to work in reducing corruption and enforce law and order.
- 5 points were explained in the agreement, they are-
- To take necessary steps for preventing corruption.
- Enforcing law and order.
- To reduce corruption, cooperate at the international level.
- Recovery of Asset and its return to the country of origin.
- To provide technical assistance and exchange of information.
- The theme of International Anti-Corruption Day 2021 is "Your right, your role: say no to corruption”.
- The theme of International Anti-Corruption Day 2020 was ‘Recover with Integrity to Build Forward Better’.
United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC)
- The headquarters of UNCAC is located in Merida and New York.
- United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) is a landmark, international anti-corruption treaty adopted by the UN General Assembly in October 2003.
- The UNCAC is the ever-first legally binding global Anti-corruption instrument.
- The United Nations office on drug and crime (UNODC) is mandated by its member states to assist in the implementation of both UNCAC and UNTOC.