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International migrants and Indian diaspora

  • Category
    India & world
  • Published
    26th Sep, 2019

India was the leading country of origin of international migrants in 2019 with a 17.5 million strong diaspora, according to new estimates released by the United Nations, which said the number of migrants globally reached an estimated 272 million.

Context

India was the leading country of origin of international migrants in 2019 with a 17.5 million strong diaspora, according to new estimates released by the United Nations, which said the number of migrants globally reached an estimated 272 million.

About

  • The count of the Indian Diaspora has increased 10% from 15.9 million in 2015, making it the largest in the world, according to the UN’s International Migrant Stock 2019
  • The data set was compiled by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs Division.
  • It now comprises 6.4% of the total global migrant population.
  • The United Arab Emirates (UAE) was the top destination of Indian migrants followed by the US, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and Oman.
  • Bangladesh was a top source of migrants to India, followed by Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and China.

Global data

  • In 2019, the number of international migrants worldwide was nearly 272 million, up from 221 million in 2010 and 174 million in 2000.
  • More than half of all international migrants lived in Europe (82 million) or Northern America (59 million).
  • Women comprised slightly less than half of all international migrants. The share of women in the total number of international migrants fell from 49.3 % in 2000 to 48% cent in 2019.
  • In 2019, the percentage of females among all international migrants was highest in Northern America (51.8 %) and Europe (51.4 %).
  • Central and Southern Asia (49.4 %), and Eastern and South-Eastern Asia (49.3 %) hosted an almost equal proportion of female and male migrants.
  • Europe hosts the largest number of international migrants, at 82 million; followed by North America at 59 million; North Africa and Western Asia host around 49 million migrants.
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