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‘Kochi-Mangaluru natural gas pipeline’

  • Category
    Economy
  • Published
    12th Jan, 2021

The Government launched the natural gas pipeline from Kerala’s Kochi to Mangaluru in Karnataka.

Context

The Government launched the natural gas pipeline from Kerala’s Kochi to Mangaluru in Karnataka.

About

The Project

  • Built by: The 450km long pipeline, is built by GAIL (India) Ltd.
  • Cost: Rs 3,000-crore
  • The project will carry natural gas from the Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Regasification Terminal at Kochi to Mangaluru, while passing through Ernakulam, Thrissur, Palakkad, Malappuram, Kozhikode, Kannur and Kasaragod districts.
  • It has the transportation capacity of 12 million metric standard cubic metres per day.
  • The project marks an important milestone towards the creation of “One Nation One Gas Grid”.

About Natural Gas

  • Natural gas is the earth's cleanest fossil fuel and is colorless and odorless in its natural state.
  • It is composed of four hydrocarbon atoms and one carbon atom (CH4 or methane).
  • Colorless and odorless in its natural state, natural gas is the cleanest burning fossil fuel.
  • When it burns, natural gas produces mostly carbon dioxide, water vapor and small amounts of nitrogen oxides.

 One Nation One Grid

  • The project marks a significant development towards the creation of ‘One Nation One Gas Grid’.
  • The idea was conceptualized in the 90s.
  • Now, India's power system is divided into five regional grids (Northern, Eastern, Western, North Eastern, and Southern region) with each grid catering to electricity demands of one particular region.
  • To make 'One Nation One Grid' a reality, all these grids have to be integrated.

Significance of the project

  • Environment-friendly and affordable fuel: The pipeline will supply environment-friendly and affordable fuel in the form of piped natural gas (PNG) to households and compressed natural gas (CNG) to the transportation sector.
  • Curb on air pollution: Consumption of cleaner fuel will help in improving air quality by curbing air pollution.
  • Economic development: It will also supply natural gas to commercial and industrial units across the districts along the pipeline, thus leading to economic development.
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