‘Kochi-Mangaluru natural gas pipeline’

Context

The Government launched the natural gas pipeline from Kerala’s Kochi to Mangaluru in Karnataka.

About

The Project

  • Built by: The 450km long pipeline, is built by GAIL (India) Ltd.
  • Cost: Rs 3,000-crore
  • The project will carry natural gas from the Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Regasification Terminal at Kochi to Mangaluru, while passing through Ernakulam, Thrissur, Palakkad, Malappuram, Kozhikode, Kannur and Kasaragod districts.
  • It has the transportation capacity of 12 million metric standard cubic metres per day.
  • The project marks an important milestone towards the creation of “One Nation One Gas Grid”.

About Natural Gas

  • Natural gas is the earth's cleanest fossil fuel and is colorless and odorless in its natural state.
  • It is composed of four hydrocarbon atoms and one carbon atom (CH4 or methane).
  • Colorless and odorless in its natural state, natural gas is the cleanest burning fossil fuel.
  • When it burns, natural gas produces mostly carbon dioxide, water vapor and small amounts of nitrogen oxides.

 One Nation One Grid

  • The project marks a significant development towards the creation of ‘One Nation One Gas Grid’.
  • The idea was conceptualized in the 90s.
  • Now, India's power system is divided into five regional grids (Northern, Eastern, Western, North Eastern, and Southern region) with each grid catering to electricity demands of one particular region.
  • To make 'One Nation One Grid' a reality, all these grids have to be integrated.

Significance of the project

  • Environment-friendly and affordable fuel: The pipeline will supply environment-friendly and affordable fuel in the form of piped natural gas (PNG) to households and compressed natural gas (CNG) to the transportation sector.
  • Curb on air pollution: Consumption of cleaner fuel will help in improving air quality by curbing air pollution.
  • Economic development: It will also supply natural gas to commercial and industrial units across the districts along the pipeline, thus leading to economic development.

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