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Medium range surface-to-air missile (MRSAM)

  • Category
    Science & Technology
  • Published
    5th Apr, 2022

Context

The DRDO conducted two successful flight tests of the Army version of Medium Range Surface to Air Missile (MRSAM).

About

About MRSAM:

  • The MRSAM is a surface-to-air missile jointly developed by DRDO and Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) for use by the Indian Army.
  • The missile will replace the ageing Air Defence systems of the Army.
  • The MRSAM weapon system comprises multi-function radar, mobile launcher system and other vehicles.
  • It has Army, Navy and Air Force variants.
  • The mobile launcher can transport, place and launch eight canisterised missiles.
  • These can be fired either in single mode or in ripple firing mode in a vertical firing position.
  • The missile’s management system uses the radar to track and correctly identify the target, calculates the distance from it and gives all the information to the Commander for a decision to be made on interception.
  • The missile itself is 5 metres in length with a weight of around 275 kg.
  • It is equipped with fins and canards to stabilise its flight and provide it manoeuvrability.
  • The missile is powered by a solid propulsion system coupled with a thrust vector control system.
  • The missile can move at a maximum speed of Mach 2 (twice the speed of sound).
  • It can engage multiple targets upto a range of 70 km.

List of the surface to air missiles in India:

  • Akash
  • Akash-1S
  • Akash Mk2
  • Akash-NG
  • QRSAM
  • Barak 8
  • MR-SAM
  • LR-SAM
  • XR-SAM

About DRDO

  • DRDO is the R&D wing of Ministry of Defence, Government of India.
  • DRDO was formed in 1958 from the amalgamation of the then already functioning Technical Development Establishment (TDEs) of the Indian Army and the Directorate of Technical Development & Production (DTDP) with the Defence Science Organisation (DSO).
  • DRDO was then a small organisation with 10 establishments or laboratories.
  • Over the years, it has grown multi-directionally in terms of the variety of subject disciplines, number of laboratories, achievements and stature.
  • DRDO’s pursuit of self-reliance and successful indigenous development and production of strategic systems and platforms have given quantum jump to India’s military might, generating effective deterrence and providing crucial leverage, such as:
    • Agni and Prithvi series of missiles
    • light combat aircraft, Tejas
    • multi-barrel rocket launcher, Pinaka
    • air defence system, Akash
    • a wide range of radars and electronic warfare systems; etc.,
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