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National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR)

Published: 17th Jan, 2022


National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) has taken suo motu cognisance of a video wherein Karnataka Congress president D K Shivakumar met school children during 'Mekedatu Padayatre', indulging children into political activity.

  • The commission has said that prima facie there are violations of provisions under the 
    • Juvenile Justice Act, 2015
    • Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897
    • Disaster Management Act, 2005



  • NCPCR is a statutory body under the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005 under the administrative control of the Ministry of Women & Child Development, Government of India. 
  • The commission's mandate is to ensure that all laws, policies, programmes, and administrative mechanisms are in consonance with the Child Rights perspective as enshrined in the Constitution of India and also the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. 

The Child is defined as a person in the 0 to 18 years age group.

  • The Commission visualizes a rights-based perspective flowing into National Policies and Programmes, along with nuanced responses at the State, District and Block levels, taking care of specificity and strengths of each region.
  • Composition: This commission has a chairperson and six members of which at least two should be women. 
    • All of them are appointed by the Central Government for three years. 
    • The maximum age to serve in commission is 65 years for Chairman and 60 years for members.

Important functions of the Commission

  • The functions of the commission are as follows:
    • Examine and review the safeguards provided by or under any law for the time being in force for the protection of child rights and recommend measures for their effective implementation;
    • Present to be central government, annually and at such other intervals, as the commission may deem fit, reports upon working of those safeguards;
    • Inquire into violation of child rights and recommend initiation of proceedings in such cases
    • Under Right to Education Act, 2009, NCPCR inquired into complaints relating to child's right to free and compulsory education.
    • It monitors the implementation of Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012.

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