What's New :
GS Mains Advance 2023, Batch Starts: 14th October.
Ethics Master Class (Mains 2023), Batch Starts: 17-Oct-2022

‘Peace deal between Armenia and Azerbaijan’

  • Category
    World Affairs
  • Published
    16th Nov, 2020

In a latest development, Russia brokered a new peace deal between Armenia and Azerbaijan,

Context

In a latest development, Russia brokered a new peace deal between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the two countries that have been in a military conflict for over six weeks over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh in the South Caucasus.

About

What is the deal?

  • The deal, which is meant to end the conflict between the two nations, was signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin, Azerbaijani president Ilham Aliyev and Armenian prime minister Nikol Pashinyan.
  • As per the new peace deal, both sides will now maintain positions in the areas that they currently hold, which will mean a significant gain for Azerbaijan as it has reclaimed over 15-20 per cent of its lost territory during the recent conflict.
  • Further, under this agreement, all military operations are suspended, Russian peacekeepers will be deployed along the line of contact in Nagorno-Karabakh and along the Lachin corridor that connects the region to Armenia.
  • These Russian peacekeepers with a force of roughly 2,000 will be deployed in the area for a period of five years.
  • Refugees and internally displaced persons will return to the region and the adjacent territories and the two sides will also exchange prisoners of wars and bodies.
  • Significantly, a new corridor will be opened from Nakhchivan to Azerbaijan, which will be under Russian control.

Nagorno-Karabakh

  • Straddling western Asia and Eastern Europe, Nagorno-Karabakh is internationally recognised as part of Azerbaijan, but most of the region is controlled by Armenian separatists.
  • Nagorno-Karabakh has been part of Azerbaijan territory since the Soviet era.
  • When the Soviet Union began to collapse in the late 1980s, Armenia’s regional parliament voted for the region’s transfer to Armenia; the Soviet authorities turned down the demand.
  • Years of clashes followed between Azerbaijan forces and Armenian separatists.
  • The violence lasted into the 1990s, leaving tens and thousands dead and displacing hundreds of thousands.
  • In 1994, Russia brokered a ceasefire, by which time ethnic Armenians had taken control of the region.
  • While the area remains in Azerbaijan, it is today governed by separatist Armenians who have declared it a republic called the “Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast”.
  • While the Armenian government does not recognise Nagorno-Karabakh as independent, it supports the region politically and militarily.

The conflict

  • The recent conflict began in September, since when each country has claimed to have inflicted serious loss on its opponent.
  • It was the first time that both countries have proclaimed martial law.
  • During the course of the conflict, considered one of the most serious in recent years, over 1200 have lost their lives as per the Nagorno-Karabakh authorities, while thousands have been displaced.

What is Russia’s role in the conflict?

  • Russia’s role in the conflict has been somewhat opaque since it supplies arms to both countries.
  • Also, it is in a military alliance with Armenia called the Collective Security Treaty Organisation.
X

Verifying, please be patient.

Enquire Now