Petersberg Climate Dialogue
Ecology and Environment
10th Jun, 2023
The Petersberg Dialogue on Climate Change was held in Berlin to discuss the way forward towards COP28.
About the Conference:
- Around 40 countries attended the conference.
- It was hosted by Germany and the United Arab Emirates, which is going to host 28th Conference of Parties (COP28) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
- The need for “cleaning-up our economies — breaking our fossil fuel addiction and driving decarbonisation in every sector” to achieve a 5 degree global warming pathway was discussed.
- The Agenda calls for coal phaseout by 2030 in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries, and
- By 2040 in all others, as well as achieving net Zero electricity generation and decarbonising major sectors.
- The 2023 UN Climate Change Conference is going to convene from 30 November to 12 December 2023 in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE).
- It will comprise of:
- the 28th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 28);
- the fifth meeting of the COP serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA 5);
- the 18th meeting of the COP serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 18);
- the 59th meeting of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 59); and
- The 59th meeting of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 59).
Significance of the event:
- The first Global Stocktake of the implementation of the Paris Agreement will conclude at COP 28.
- Each stocktake is a two-year process that happens every five years, with the aim of assessing the world’s collective progress towards achieving its climate goals.
The first Global Stocktake takes place at the mid-point in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its SDGs, including Goal 13 (climate action).
Key points for Paris Agreement (COP 21):
- The Climate Ambition Summit to mark the 5th Anniversary of the Paris Agreement started on 12th December 2020 at Glasgow, Scotland.
- It aimed to provide a platform for government and non-governmental leaders to demonstrate their commitment to the Paris Agreement and the multilateral process.
- The Goal of Paris agreement was:
- To curtail the rise of global temperature this century below 2-degree Celsius, above pre-industrial levels; and also pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
- Develop mechanisms to help and support countries that are very vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change.
- An example would be countries like the Maldives facing threat due to sea-level rise.
- Confirms the obligation that developed countries have towards developing countries, by providing them financial and technological support.