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Petersberg Climate Dialogue

  • Category
    Ecology and Environment
  • Published
    10th Jun, 2023


The Petersberg Dialogue on Climate Change was held in Berlin to discuss the way forward towards COP28.

About the Conference:

  • Around 40 countries attended the conference.
  • It was hosted by Germany and the United Arab Emirates, which is going to host 28th Conference of Parties (COP28) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). 
  • Purpose:
    • The need for “cleaning-up our economies — breaking our fossil fuel addiction and driving decarbonisation in every sector” to achieve a 5 degree global warming pathway was discussed.
    • The Agenda calls for coal phaseout by 2030 in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries, and
    • By 2040 in all others, as well as achieving net Zero electricity generation and decarbonising major sectors.

COP 28:

  • The 2023 UN Climate Change Conference is going to convene from 30 November to 12 December 2023 in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE).
  • It will comprise of:
    • the 28th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 28);
    • the fifth meeting of the COP serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA 5);
    • the 18th meeting of the COP serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 18);
    • the 59th meeting of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 59); and
    • The 59th meeting of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 59).

Significance of the event:

  • The first Global Stocktake of the implementation of the Paris Agreement will conclude at COP 28.
  • Each stocktake is a two-year process that happens every five years, with the aim of assessing the world’s collective progress towards achieving its climate goals.

The first Global Stocktake takes place at the mid-point in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its SDGs, including Goal 13 (climate action).

Key points for Paris Agreement (COP 21):

  • The Climate Ambition Summit to mark the 5th Anniversary of the Paris Agreement started on 12th December 2020 at Glasgow, Scotland.
  • It aimed to provide a platform for government and non-governmental leaders to demonstrate their commitment to the Paris Agreement and the multilateral process.
  • The Goal of Paris agreement was:
    • To curtail the rise of global temperature this century below 2-degree Celsius, above pre-industrial levels; and also pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
    • Develop mechanisms to help and support countries that are very vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change.
    • An example would be countries like the Maldives facing threat due to sea-level rise.
    • Confirms the obligation that developed countries have towards developing countries, by providing them financial and technological support.

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