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‘Shigella infection’

  • Category
    Science & Technology
  • Published
    29th Dec, 2020

A number of cases of shigella infection have detected in Kozhikode district of Kerala.

Context

A number of cases of shigella infection have detected in Kozhikode district of Kerala.

About

What is shigella infection?

  • Shigellosis or shigella infection is a contagious intestinal infection.
  • Caused by: It is caused by a genus of bacteria known as
    • The same bacteria is also understood to be the prime reason for the occurrence of diarrhea especially among children in the African and South Asian countries.
    • The lethal bacteria enters the body through ingestion and harms the epithelial lining of the colon resulting in severe inflammation and subsequent damage to the cells.
    • The bacteria is so lethal that only a minute number of bacteria can cause havoc in a person’s body.
  • Transmission: It gets transmitted from person to person after the bacteria has been ingested by the person accidentally.

What are the symptoms?

  • People with shigellosis may start experiencing symptoms within one or two days of the entry of germs in the body.
  • The common symptoms are:
    • diarrhea (often bloody and painful)
    • stomach pain
    • fever
    • nausea
    • vomiting
  • There have been cases too where people don’t experience any signs of the bacterial infection.

How to prevent the disease?

  • Wash hands with soap especially after dealing with a child’s diaper and before preparing/eating food.
  • While swimming in pools and lakes, it’s advisable not to swallow water.
  • Avoid eating contaminated food especially from the street in unhygienic conditions.
  • Drinking boiled water is advised.
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