The Pal-Dadhvav massacre
14th Mar, 2022
The Gujarat government marked 100 years of the Pal-Dadhvav killings, calling it a massacre “bigger than the Jallianwala Bagh”.
About the incident:
- The Pal-Dadhvav massacre took place on March 7, 1922, in the Pal-Chitariya and Dadhvaav villages of Sabarkantha district, then part of Idar state.
- The day was Amalki Ekadashi, which falls just before Holi, a major festival for tribals.
- Villagers from Pal, Dadhvav, and Chitariya had gathered on the banks of river Heir as part of the ‘Eki movement’, led by one Motilal Tejawat.
- The movement was to protest against the land revenue tax (lagaan) imposed on the peasants by the British and feudal lords.
- The Mewad Bhil Corps (MBC), a paramilitary force raised by the British that was on the lookout for Tejawat, heard of this gathering and reached the spot.
- British officer Major H.G. Sutton from Mewad Bhil Corps ordered to open fire at the innocent tribals.
Republic Day tableau
- The Pal-Dadhvav massacre was brought into focus at the Republic Day parade 2022.
- Traditional 'Ger' dance and music was performed by the tribal artistes of Poshina taluka of Sabarkantha.
About Motilal Tejawat:
- Motilal Tejawat (16 May 1896 – 14 January 1963) was born in Kolyari village, Udaipur,
- The social reform activities of Motilal Tejawat spread his popularity among the
- Along with these he also started Eki (Unity) movement.
- The Eki movement aimed at a united opposition to all types of exploitation of Bhils by the States and jagirdars.