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The Pal-Dadhvav massacre

  • Category
    History
  • Published
    14th Mar, 2022

Context

The Gujarat government marked 100 years of the Pal-Dadhvav killings, calling it a massacre “bigger than the Jallianwala Bagh”.

About

About the incident:

  • The Pal-Dadhvav massacre took place on March 7, 1922, in the Pal-Chitariya and Dadhvaav villages of Sabarkantha district, then part of Idar state.
  • The day was Amalki Ekadashi, which falls just before Holi, a major festival for tribals.
  • Villagers from Pal, Dadhvav, and Chitariya had gathered on the banks of river Heir as part of the ‘Eki movement’, led by one Motilal Tejawat.
  • The movement was to protest against the land revenue tax (lagaan) imposed on the peasants by the British and feudal lords.
  • The Mewad Bhil Corps (MBC), a paramilitary force raised by the British that was on the lookout for Tejawat, heard of this gathering and reached the spot.
  • British officer Major H.G. Sutton from Mewad Bhil Corps ordered to open fire at the innocent tribals.

Republic Day tableau

  • The Pal-Dadhvav massacre was brought into focus at the Republic Day parade 2022.
  • Traditional 'Ger' dance and music was performed by the tribal artistes of Poshina taluka of Sabarkantha.

About Motilal Tejawat:

  • Motilal Tejawat (16 May 1896 – 14 January 1963) was born in Kolyari village, Udaipur,
  • The social reform activities of Motilal Tejawat spread his popularity among the
  • Along with these he also started Eki (Unity) movement.
  • The Eki movement aimed at a united opposition to all types of exploitation of Bhils by the States and jagirdars.
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