What's New :
6th May 2023 (7 Topics)

Programme for non-communicable diseases renamed


The Union health ministry has decided to rename its national programme and portal aimed at tackling the rising challenge of non-communicable diseases.

The need

  • In the last few years, many new diseases or disease groups or new initiatives have been added to the programme such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, chronic kidney disease, STEMI among others”.
  • There was a need that scheme in its present form may subsume all types of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) under a new name.

Non-communicable diseases (NCD)

  • NCDs refer to chronic diseases that are not passed from person to person. It includes heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes, and chronic lung diseases.
  • Non communicable diseases (NCDs) kill 41 million people each year worldwide, equivalent to 71% of all deaths globally. 

The Previous Programme

  • Earlier the programme on non-communicable diseases included diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and stroke, and hence it was known as the National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS).
    • NPCDCS was being implemented under the National Health Mission (NHM) across the country.

The new programme

  • The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has decided to rename ‘NPCDCS’ as the National Programme for Prevention & Control of Non-Communicable Diseases (NP-NCD).

National NCD Portal:

  • The government has also renamed the portal which enables population enumeration, risk assessment, and screening for five common NCDs, including hypertension, diabetes, and oral, breast and cervical cancer of the population aged above 30 years.
    • While earlier, the application or software called Comprehensive Primary Healthcare Non-Communicable Disease (CPHC NCD IT) was rolled out under the programme for screening and management, now it will also be renamed National NCD Portal.

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