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11th June 2022 (6 Topics)

Sant Tukaram Temple

Context

A Bhakti saint, Sant Tukaram and his work are central to the Warkari sect spread across Maharashtra.

  • The Prime Minister will inaugurate the Sant Tukaram Shila Mandir in the temple town of Dehu in Pune district.

About

  • Sant Tukaram was a 17th-century Marathipoet, Hindu saint, popularly known as Tuka, Tukobaraya, Tukoba in Maharashtra.
  • He was a Sant of Varkari sampradaya (Marathi-Vaishnav tradition) - that venerates the god Vithoba- in Maharashtra.
  • He was part of the egalitarian, personalized Varkari devotionalism tradition.
  • Tukaram is best known for his devotional poetry called Abhanga.
  • He also organise community-oriented worship with spiritual songs known as 
  • Tukaram pointed out the evil of wrongdoings of society, social system and Maharajs by his kiratansand 
  • He faced some opposition because of this, by society from some peoples.
  • According to some scholars, Tukaram met Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj–and founded the Maratha kingdom.

His Teachings

  • Promoted Vedanta: Late 20th-century scholarship of Tukaram, and translations of his Abhangapoem, affirm his pantheistic Vedantic view.
  • Literary works: Numerous inconsistent manuscripts of Tukaram Gathaare known. Gatha temple in Dehu, near Pune Maharashtra, is one of two local temples that mark the legacy of Tukaram.

Who are Warkaris?

  • Warkari is a sampradaya (religious movement) within the bhakti spiritual tradition of Hinduism, geographically associated with the Indian state of Maharashtra.
  • Warkaris worship Vitthal (also known as Vithoba), the presiding deity of Pandharpur, regarded as a form of Krishna.
  • Saints and gurus of the bhakti movement associated with the Warkaris include Dnyaneshwar, Namdev, Chokhamela, Eknath, and Tukaram, Gadge Maharaj all of whom are accorded the title of Sant.

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