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SCO Nations: Enhance collaborations in science & Tech

  • Published
    20th May, 2023
  • The nations of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) have been urged by India to work together for improved cooperation in the areas of science, technology, and innovation.

Key highlights:

  • Science and Technology Minister of India addressed the SCO meeting through virtual mode and urged the member countries to jointly address the emerging challenges of the Eurasian region.

Why need for collaboration in field of Science and Technology?

  • India mentioned that SCO countries are exposed to identical challenges such as ensuring food, challenges emerging due to climate change, biodiversity loss, water scarcity, affordable healthcare, environmental issues and energy access for its people.
    • In order to resolve these challenges, it is imperative for us to join hands to innovate affordable scientific solutions.

Role of Science and Technology

  • Global economic recovery: The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the global scenario of the economy. Science and technology has played a greater role in global economic recovery.
    • The SCO scientific community needs to cooperate in the field of technology-based solutions for social and economic challenges.
  • Healthcare: The Government of India has focused on innovative interventions for affordable healthcare and by 2047, India aims to be one of the world’s top markets in medical devices.
  • Research & Innovation: India is moving along the mantra -‘Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan, Jai Vigyan, and Jai Anusandhan,’ which essentially believes in coordination of various sectors to make India a global centre of research and innovation.
  • According to NSF database: India has now climbed to 3rd position in research and development.
    • During the last 8 years, the number of registered start-ups has grown from a mere 400 to an astounding 97,000. India has also reached 3rd position in terms of number of PhDs.

Flagship Initiatives:

  • In the recent past, the Government of India has launched several flagship initiatives to build scientific leadership in the emerging areas of science. Such as -
    • National Mission on Cyber Physical Systems
    • Quantum Computing
    • National Mission on Supercomputing
    • Deep Ocean Mission
  • National Hydrogen Energy Mission: India is progressing ahead to meet its commitment at COP 26 of achieving net zero emissions by 2070 and fulfilling 50 per cent of energy requirements by utilising renewable energy by 2030.
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