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  • Published
    27th Jan, 2023

Polity & Governance

Indigenously made weapons, women power showcased at Republic Day parade

The Indian military showcased only indigenous equipment and weapon systems to drive home the message of self-reliance in defence.

  • “Atma Nirbharta” (self-reliance) and “Nari Shakti” (women power) were the two themes on display at the Republic Day parade.

“Atma Nirbharta” (self-reliance)

  • Military: The Indian military showcased only indigenous equipment and weapon systems to drive home the message of self-reliance in defence.
    • The Army’s British-era 25-pounder guns — which traditionally offered the symbolic 21-gun salute — were replaced by the indigenous 105-mm Indian Field Guns (IFG) this year.
    • The Army’s mechanised column comprised three MBT Arjun MK-I, one Nag Missile System (NAMIS), two BMP 2/2K, three Quick Reaction Fighting Vehicles (QRFV), two K-9 Vajra Self Propelled Howitzer Guns, one Brahmos missile, two 10m Short Span Bridges, a Mobile Microwave Node and Mobile Network Centre, and two Akash missile systems.
  • Air Force: A 50-aircraft grand airshow was put up by the Indian Air Force (IAF).
    • It included 23 fighter aircraft, 18 helicopters, and eight transport aircraft alongside a Dakota aircraft.
  • Navy: Blending vintage and modernity, the Navy’s vintage IL38 SD aircraft flew the first and last time, as well as the modern Rafale jet.
    • The indigenous Light Combat Helicopter Prachand, inducted into the IAF was also part of the flypast.

“Nari Shakti” (women power)

  • The Navy’s tableau showcased a woman air crew of Dornier aircraft highlighting the all-women crew of a surveillance sortie undertaken last year.
  • Both the Navy and the IAF contingents were led by women officers.
  • Another woman Army air defence officer led the Akash missile system column.


National Tourism Day 2023

National Tourism Day is celebrated across the country on January 25 every year.


  • The day is observed to cultivate awareness among the global community on the importance of tourism and its social, political, financial and cultural worth.
  • National Tourism Day was first celebrated by the Indian government in 1948, according to reports.
  • Forms: India offers several forms of tourism such as cultural, nature, heritage, educational, business, sports, rural, medical, cruise and eco-tourism.

Tourism Governance in India

  • Nodal Agency: The ministry of tourism is the nodal agency in India to form national policies for the promotion and development of tourism.
    • It also coordinates with central, state agencies and the public sector.
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