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15th June 2024 (10 Topics)

Shree Jagannath Temple

Context

The 12th-century Shree Jagannath temple in Puri has opened all four gates.

About Shree Jagannath Temple:

  • The Shree Jagannath temple, also known as Srimandir, is located in Puri, Odisha.
  • Built during the rule of Anantavarman Chodaganga Deva of the Ganga dynasty, it covers an area of 10.734 acres.
  • The temple is enclosed by two walls: Meghanada Prachira (outer wall) and Kuruma Prachir (inner enclosure).
  • Four Gates of the Temple:
    • Singha Dwara (Lion's Gate): Located in the east, it is the main entrance. Traditionally believed to grant 'mokshya' (liberation) to devotees.
    • Vyaghra Dwara (Tiger Gate): Found in the west, symbolizes 'dharma' (duty and righteousness).
    • Hasti Dwara (Elephant Gate): Positioned in the north, signifies prosperity.
    • Aswa Dwara (Horse Gate): Situated in the south, represents 'kama' (desire), with entry requiring detachment from lustful feelings.
  • Significance of Each Gate:
    • Each gate is associated with specific rituals and beliefs:
      1. The south gate is used by the Puri Gajapati (Maharaja of Puri) during certain rituals. Seers and saints traditionally enter through the south gate.
      2. Sacred logs (Daru) for crafting new idols enter through the north gate (Uttara Dwara).
      3. Servitors typically use the west gate (Paschima Dwara) for temple duties.
    • Cultural and Ritual Practices:
      • The choice of gate for entry depends on the ritual or the status of the participant.
      • These gates play a significant role in the temple's administration and spiritual practices, reflecting different aspects of devotion and religious values.

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