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10th November 2022 (6 Topics)

The 50th Chief Justice of India


Justice D.Y Chandrachud was sworn in as the 50th Chief Justice of India (CJI) by President Droupadi Murmu at a brief ceremony at the Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi.


About D.Y Chandrachud:

  • Dhananjaya Yeshwant Chandrachud(born 11 November 1959) is an Indian Judge who is now the 50th Chief Justice of India.
  • He will serve as Chief Justice till November 10, 2024.
  • He was one of the Seniormost Judges of the Apex Court
  • He is a former ex-officio executive chairman of the National Legal Services Authority.
  • In addition, he is a former Chief Justice of the Allahabad High Court and a former judge of the Bombay High Court.
  • His father, Yeshwant Vishnu Chandrachud, is the longest-serving Chief Justice of India (from 1978-85) in history.

His Contributions:

  • He wrote the lead judgment for a nine-judge Constitution Bench in the Justice S. Puttaswamy vs Union of India case, in which it was unanimously held that the right to privacy was a Fundamental Right.
  • Recently, a Bench headed by him expanded the scope of the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act to include unmarried women for abortion between 20 and 24 weeks of pregnancy.
  • He also delivered path-breaking judgments on decriminalizing same-sex relations, after it partially struck down Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code.
  • He has been part of Benches that ruled on the validity of the Aadhaar scheme and the Sabarimala issue.
  • He also paved the way for the permanent commissioning of women officers in the armed forces.

The procedure of appointment of Chief justice of India:

  • While the Constitution of India does not mention any process for appointing the CJI, the naming of the successor relies on convention.
  • Article 124 (1) of the Constitution merely says, “there shall be a Supreme Court of India consisting of a Chief Justice of India.” It also says that the President shall appoint every Judge of the Supreme Court.
  • As per convention, the outgoing CJI recommends his successor, strictly based on seniority.
  • The Union Law Minister then forwards the recommendation to the Prime Minister who, in turn, advises the President on the matter of appointment.

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