He also delivered path-breaking judgments on decriminalizing same-sex relations, after it partially struck down Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code.
He has been part of Benches that ruled on the validity of the Aadhaar scheme and the Sabarimala issue.
He also paved the way for the permanent commissioning of women officers in the armed forces.
The procedure of appointment of Chief justice of India:
While the Constitution of India does not mention any process for appointing the CJI, the naming of the successor relies on convention.
Article 124 (1) of the Constitution merely says, “there shall be a Supreme Court of India consisting of a Chief Justice of India.” It also says that the President shall appoint every Judge of the Supreme Court.
As per convention, the outgoing CJI recommends his successor, strictly based on seniority.
The Union Law Minister then forwards the recommendation to the Prime Minister who, in turn, advises the President on the matter of appointment.