The Artemis Accords and Global Lunar Governance

  • Published
    11th Jun, 2021

GS-III: Science and Technology

  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
Context

In a recent development, New Zealand became the 11th country to sign the Artemis Accords. A few days before New Zealand, Republic of Korea signed the accords. These two countries join Australia, Canada, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, the United Kingdom, the United Arab Emirates, Ukraine, and the United States.

NASA announced the Artemis Accords in October 2020. It is an agreement for lunar exploration and beyond, with participation of both international partners and commercial players. The program envisages the landing of the first woman on the Moon by 2024.

Prelims question:

Consider the following statements:

  1. UN-SPIDER was established in 2006 under the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs to help developing countries in developing space technologies for the management of disasters.
  2. The Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) was set up by the UN General Assembly in response to the launching of Sputnik 1.
  3. The secretariat to the UN-Space is in New York within the UN Office for Outer Space Affairs.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.

Mains Question:

Should India sign the Artemis Accords? What are the opportunities and concerns for India in this regard?  (150 words)

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