Delhi has recorded the highest number of (2,840) suicides.
Reasons for Suicide:
33.2%: Family Problems (other than marriage-related problems)
4.8%: Marriage Related Problems
Daily wage earners accounted for 42,004 (25.6 percent) of the total victims. One in four of the recorded 1, 64,033 suicide victims during 2021 was a daily wage earner.
They were followed by self-employed people, unemployed people, and those involved in the farming sector were the top categories of people who died by suicide in 2021.
The report certainly points out suicides as a critical public health issue in India and qualifies for a closer epidemiological assessment.
Do you know?
Maharashtra topped the country in terms of the number of suicides reported in 2021 followed by Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh.
Madhya Pradesh is going to be the first State in the country to draft a suicide prevention strategy and the government has formed a task force for it.
How is Suicide a Social Problem?
The problem with only viewing suicide as an individual problem is that we neglect the importance of social forces contributing to suicide.
Suicide is a serious social problem whose incidence varies between genders, age groups, geographical distribution, and the influence of the socio-political structure of society.
The risk of suicide in a population increases when the social context fails to provide a healthy sense of purpose and belonging, contributing to an individual’s sense of contribution and connection.
Furthermore, suicide should be viewed as a multidimensional public and mental health issue, having complex interactions with the economic, social, cultural, psychological, and biological realms of individual and collective existence.
What are the challenges?
Under-reporting of such cases due to fear of social stigma and sometimes to rescue from judicial procedures.
Fear of legal action: Section 309 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) makes suicide a punishable offense. The fear of punitive action and added hassle of having to deal with police and courts often results in a refusal to seek help.
Social stigma: The social stigma associated with suicide results in the NCRB grossly under-reporting the true numbers of suicide.
Mental Healthcare Act, 2017:It aims to provide mental healthcare services for persons with mental illness.
KIRAN: The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has launched a 24/7 toll-free helpline to provide support to people facing anxiety, stress, depression, suicidal thoughts, and other mental health concerns.
Manodarpan Initiative: It is an initiative of the Ministry of Education under Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. It is aimed to provide psychosocial support to students, family members, and teachers for their mental health and well-being during the times of Covid-19.