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Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs Sanctions Rs 2.26 cr for Festival of Medaram Jathara 2022

  • Published
    16th Feb, 2022
Context

The Ministry of Tribal Affairs has sanctioned? 2.26 Crores for various activities pertaining to Medaram Jathara 2022.

About

About Medaram Jatara:

  • Medaram Jatara also known as Sammakka Saralamma Jatara.
  • It is a tribal festival held in the state of Telangana. 
  • The festival is conducted in honour of the Goddesses Sammakka and Saralamma. 
  • It is celebrated once in two years in the month of “Magha” (February) on the full moon day. 
  • It is the second-largest fair in India, after the Kumbh Mela.
  • It is organised by Koya Tribe in collaboration with the Tribal Welfare Department, Government of Telangana. 
  • Medaram is a remote place in the Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary, a part of Dandakaranya, the largest surviving forest belt in the region.
  • This Jathara has been declared as State Festival during 1998.

About Koya Tribe:

  • ??Koya is a tribal group found in southern India, especially Chhattisgarh, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. 
  • Koyas speaks the Koya language, also known as Koya Basha and is a member of the Dravidian language family. 
  • The Koyas are mainly settled cultivators and artisans expertise in making bamboo furniture including mats for fencing, dustpans, and baskets. 
  • They grow Jowar, Ragi, Bajra and other millets.  
  • Lord Bhima, Korra Rajulu, Mamili and Potaraju are the important deities to Koyas.
  • Their main festivals are Vijji Pandum (seeds charming festival) and Kondala Kolupu (festival to appease Hill deities).
  • Koyas perform a robust colourful dance called Permakok ata (Bison horn dance) during festivals and marriage ceremonies.
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