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When Satyendra Nath Bose sent his paper to Albert Einstein

  • Published
    4th Jun, 2022

Google Doodle is celebrating the immense contribution of Indian physicist and mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose to quantum mechanics.


Satyendra Nath Bose:

  • Satyendra Nath Bose was an outstanding Indian physicist specialising in quantum mechanics.
  • He is of course most remembered for his excellent role played in the class of particles ‘bosons’, which were named after him by Paul Dirac to commemorate his work in the field. He is known for his work in Quantum Physics.
  • He is famous for "Bose-Einstein Theory" and a kind of particle in an atom has been named after his name Boson. Bose adapted a lecture at the University of Dhaka on the theory of radiation and the ultraviolet catastrophe into a short article called “Planck’s Law and the Hypothesis of Light Quanta” and sent it to Albert Einstein. Einstein agreed with him, translated Bose’s paper “Planck’s Law and Hypothesis of Light Quanta” into German, and had it published in Zeitschrift für Physik under Bose’s name, in 1924. This formed the basis of the Bose-Einstein Statistics.
  • His theoretical paper became one of the most important findings in quantum theory.


  • In 1937, Rabindranath Tagore dedicated his only book on science, Visva–Parichay, to Satyendra Nath Bose.
  • For his tremendous contribution to physics, Bose was honoured with the second-highest civilian award in the country, the Padma Vibhushan in 1954.
  • He was also appointed as National Professor, the highest honour in India for scholars.
  • Bose went on to serve as president of many scientific institutions, including the Indian Physical Society, National Institute of Science, Indian Science Congress and the Indian Statistical Institute.
  • He was also an adviser to the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, and later became a Fellow of the Royal Society.
  • In honor of Bose’s legacy, any particle that conforms with his statistics today is known as a Many scientific breakthroughs have come from his work including the discovery of the particle accelerator and the God particle.

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