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WHO endorses First anti-malarial vaccine

  • Published
    9th Oct, 2021

GS-III: Science & Technology

  • General Science, Disease
Context

World Health Organization (WHO) has recently endorsed the first anti-malarial vaccine.

  • It has recommended the use of the RTS,S/AS01 (RTS,S) malaria vaccine among children in sub-Saharan Africa and in other regions with moderate to high P. falciparum malaria transmission.

Prelims question:

Consider the following statements:

  1. P. falciparum and P. vivax are the parasite species that pose the greatest malarial threat.
  2. As per the World Malaria Report, 2020, India is the only high endemic country which has reported a decline of 17.6% in 2019.
  3. Currently, WHO has not approved any malaria vaccine for use among children.

Which of the above statements are correct?

  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.

Mains Question:

Over the past 15 years, India has made considerable progress in reducing the Malaria burden. Discuss the steps taken by the Government and the role played by NGOs for malaria reduction in the country. (250 words)

Approach :

  • Introduce by giving a definition of malaria and give data on disease burden of malaria in India
  • Enumerate the steps taken by Government to reduce malaria
  • Enumerate the role played by NGOs for malaria reduction
  • Way forward and Conclusion

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