DISHA (District Development Committee)
The District is the Principal Administrative unit below the state level responsible for implementation of almost all the centre and state level schemes. It is a unit of administration covering most of the departments of Government. In the words of the study team on district administration constituted by the Administrative Reforms commission:
"The district is the most convenient geographical unit where the total apparatus of public administration can be concentrated, and where it comes into direct contact with the people. Most departments of the state Government out-side the secretariat, have external services which are located in the district. The sum totals of the activities of these departments and some others, which may also be connected with the affairs of the Central Government, together constitute the administrative machinery in the district."
The Municipalities, Nagar Nigam, block and village level bodies are generally executive in nature, while the district level body mostly has a co-ordinating and supervisory role.
As both centre and state governments are running various welfare schemes, these schemes are facing various challenges in implementation at district level such as crunch of financial resources, lack of manpower, etc.
Thus the Union government has formed a District Development Coordination and Monitoring Committee (DDCMC) in place of the District Vigilance and Monitoring Committee (DVMC) for effective implementation of Central government schemes.
These Committees would monitor the implementation of 28 schemes and programmes of Ministry of Rural Development and other Ministries to promote synergy and convergence for greater impact.
• The main purpose of this committee is to coordinate with Central and State and local Panchayat Governments.
• It has been created for effective coordination and development of Central Government's programme for infrastructure development or Social and human resource development.
• Efforts will be made to ensure the participation of people's representative at all levels in it and successful implementation of flagship programme of central government.
The terms of references of the committee will include:
• Ensure that all programmes are implemented in accordance with the Guidelines.
• Look into complaints/alleged irregularities received in respect of the implementation of the programmes, including complaints of wrong selection of beneficiaries, mis-appropriation / diversion of funds and recommend follow-up action.
• The Committee should have the authority to summon and inspect any record for this purpose. The Committee may refer any matter for enquiry to the District Collector/CEO of the Zilla Panchayat/Project Director of DRDA (or Poverty Alleviation Unit).
• Suggest suitable action to be taken in accordance with the rules which should be acted upon by him within 30 days.
• Closely review the flow of funds including the funds allocated, funds released by both Centre and the State, utilization and unspent balances under each Scheme.
• The Member Secretary should ensure that meeting notice, agenda notes and proceedings of meetings are uploaded on the website of the Ministry of Rural Development and also the website of the State.
Structure of the DISHA:
• The Chairperson of the committee will be the senior most Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) elected from the district, nominated by the Union Ministry of Rural Development.
• The other Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) representing the district will be designated as Co-Chairpersons. One MP (Rajya Sabha) representing the State and exercising option to be associated with the district level Committee of that district (on first come basis) will be designated as Co-Chairperson.
• All Members of the State Legislative Assembly elected from the district, All Mayors / the Chairpersons of Municipalities, chairperson of the Zilla Panchayat, Five elected heads of Gram Panchayat including two women, One representative each of SC, ST and Women to be nominated by the Chairperson will be among other members of the committee.
• The Member Secretary of DISHA should be the District Collector / District Magistrate/ Deputy Commissioner except in cases where specific exemption has been given by the Union Government
• It will ensure the participation of people's representative at all levels and successful implementation of flagship programme of central government which have clear time-bound deliverables like Swachh Bharat, Digital India besides looking at the programmes of rural development.
• The meetings of the committee should be held once in every Quarter (Third Saturdays of April, July, October and February) and this has been made mandatory.
The few programmes to be covered under are:
• Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)
• Deen Dayal Antordaya Yojna - NRLM
• Deen Dayal Upadhyay - Gramin Kaushalya Yojna (DDU-GKY)
• Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)
• Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojna (PMAY-G)
• Swachh Bharat Mission - Gramin (SBM- G)
• Digital India Land Record Modernisation Programme (NLRMP)
• Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission - National Rurban Mission (NRuM)
• Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojna (DDUGJY)
• Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Housing for All - Urban), etc.