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A matter of greying

  • Published
    4th Nov, 2023

Context:

The global demographic shifts are turning its focus on India's ageing population, fertility trends, and their geopolitical and socio-economic implications.

India's Population Dynamics

  • India Overtaking China: India to surpass China in population, posing challenges and opportunities for the nation.
  • Elderly Growth Spurt: UNFPA predicts rapid growth of elderly population, leading to economic and healthcare implications.
  • Changing Fertility Dynamics: Fertility rates dropping below replacement level, urban areas akin to developed nations, altering demographic landscape.

Global Demographic Trends

  • Aging World: Global ageing phenomenon accelerates; elderly populations increase while birth rates decline.
  • China's Demographic Challenge: China's population decline shifts geopolitical dynamics, highlighting the role of reproductive rights and immigration.
  • Population decline in Asia and Europe anticipated, signaling major geopolitical shifts in the 21st century.

Navigating India's Demographic Future

  • Adapting to Demographic Transition: India must strategize for ageing population, ensuring healthcare, work-life balance, and reproductive rights for women.
  • Socio-Economic Resilience: Preparedness for demographic changes crucial for India's continued socio-economic development and geopolitical relevance.
  • Way forward:
  • Suggestions include increasing awareness about elderly schemes, regulating Old Age Homes, and promoting in-situ aging.
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