What's New :
IAS Foundation (Prelims + Mains) 2025-26. Batch Starts: 13th December. Get Details
Samarth - Answer Writing Skill Development Program. Get Details

A time to articulate new constitutional ideas for India

  • Published
    3rd Oct, 2023


India's constitutional evolution, influenced by Gandhi and Ambedkar, prompts a discussion on adapting constitutional ideas to modern governance challenges.

Revisiting Constitutional Ideas

  • Decolonization Efforts: India is undergoing a process of decolonization, evident in renaming and modernizing infrastructure.
  • Gandhi's Vision: Mahatma Gandhi's 1908 vision for a swaraj constitution emphasized local governance, self-sufficiency, and a sense of duty.
  • Gandhi's Constitution Challenge: Gandhi tasked Shriman Narayan Agarwal with drafting a "Gandhian Constitution," emphasizing moral codes over legal provisions.

Gandhi's Pragmatism and Ambedkar's Vision

  • Ambedkar's Appointment: Gandhi pragmatically distanced himself from his own constitution and appointed B.R. Ambedkar to lead the drafting committee in 1947.
  • Divergent Views: Ambedkar envisioned a strong state, economic management, and individual rights, while Gandhi advocated self-sustaining villages and personal transformation.
  • Consensus Priority: Despite disagreements, Gandhi recognized the consensus around Ambedkar's ideas, allowing the adoption of a different constitution.

Articulating New Constitutional Ideas

  • Current Context: India, in a state of flux, should focus on articulating new constitutional ideas building on both Ambedkar and Gandhi's visions.
  • Gandhian Ideas: Incorporating some radical Gandhian concepts can address governance challenges without reverting to pre-modern ideals.
  • Gradual Evolution: Constitutional change shouldn't happen overnight, but India should engage in a deliberative process to adapt to contemporary needs.
You must be logged in to get greater insights.
GS Mains Classes GS Classes 2024 GS Classes 2024 UPSC Study Material

Verifying, please be patient.

Our Centers

DELHI (Karol Bagh)

GS SCORE, 1B, Second Floor, Pusa Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi - 110005 (Beside Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate No. 8)

Get directions on Google Maps

BHUBANESWAR (Jaydev Vihar)

GS SCORE, Plot No.2298, Jaydev Vihar Square, Near HCG Day Care, BBSR - 751013

Get directions on Google Maps

LUCKNOW (Aliganj)

GS SCORE, 2nd Floor, B-33, Sangam Chauraha, Sector H, Aliganj, Lucknow, UP - 226024

Get directions on Google Maps

Enquire Now