What's New :
Open Mentorship Session (GS + Optional). Register Now

Carnivorous plant catches prey underground, found in Indonesia

  • Published
    5th Jul, 2022

A first-of-its-kind carnivorous plant that traps prey underground has been found on Indonesia's Borneo Island in the country's North Kalimantan province.


About the new species:

  • The newly found species of pitcher plant was unearthed in the Indonesian province of North Kalimantan, on the island of Borneo.
  • Nepenthes pudica has modified leaves, known as pitfall traps or pitchers that its prey falls into before being consumed.
  • No other species of pitcher plant known to science catches its prey underground.
  • The plant forms specialized underground shoots with small, white, chlorophyll-free leaves.
  • The pitchers are much larger than the leaves and have a reddish color.
  • This species places its up-to-11-cm-long (4.3-inch-long) pitchers underground, where they are formed in cavities or directly in the soil and trap animals living underground, usually ants, mites and beetles.

Carnivorous plants:

  • Carnivorous plants attract, trap and digest animals for the nutrients they contain.
  • There are currently around 630 species of carnivorous plant known to science.
  • Although most meat-eating plants consume insects, larger plants are capable of digesting reptiles and small mammals.
  • Smaller carnivorous plants specialise in single-celled organisms (such as bacteria and protozoa) and aquatic examples also eat crustaceans, mosquito larvae and small fish.

GS Classes 2024 GS Classes 2024 UPSC Study Material

Verifying, please be patient.

Enquire Now