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31th January 2024 (9 Topics)

Corruption Perceptions Index 2023

Context

In the recently released Corruption Perceptions Index, 2023 by the Transparency International India's standing in the Corruption Perceptions Index remained relatively stable at 93 out of 180 countries.

The Index:

It sheds light on the nation's perceived levels of public sector corruption.

2022 vs 2023

  • In 2022, India secured the 85th position with an overall score of 40.
  • However, in 2023, the country's score slightly dropped to 39, signaling concerns about corruption levels.
  • The Corruption Perceptions Index utilizes a scale of 0 to 100, with 0 representing high corruption and 100 indicating a very clean environment.

India and Corruption Perceptions Index 2023:

  • The report notes that India's modest fluctuation in scores doesn't permit firm conclusions regarding any significant change.
  • However, it highlights a narrowing civic space leading up to the elections, emphasizing the potential threats to fundamental rights posed by recent legislative actions, such as the telecommunication bill.

South Asia's Landscape:

  • In South Asia, the report points out challenges faced by Pakistan (133) and Sri Lanka (115) due to debt burdens and political instability.
  • Despite these issues, both countries exhibit strong judicial oversight, acting as a check on the government.
  • Bangladesh (149), while making progress economically, faces hurdles in disseminating information due to a crackdown on the press.

Insights from the Asia Pacific Region:

  • The report draws attention to China's (76) aggressive anti-corruption measures, punishing millions of officials over the last decade.
  • However, concerns arise over the reliance on punishment rather than institutional checks.
  • Across the Asia Pacific region, the report reveals a stagnant average Corruption Perceptions Index score of 45 for five consecutive years, indicating a lack of meaningful progress in curbing corruption.

Global Rankings and Weak Scores:

  • Seventy-one percent of countries in Asia and the Pacific fall below the regional and global average scores, reflecting shortcomings in delivering on anti-corruption agendas by elected officials.
  • Countries like New Zealand (3), Singapore (5), Australia (14), and others, maintaining strong corruption control mechanisms, continue to lead the index.
  • Conversely, fragile states with authoritarian regimes, including North Korea (172) and Myanmar (162), find themselves at the bottom.

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