What's New :
Open Session for INTEGRATED PREPARATION for Prelims and Mains. Register Now

Counting rhinos

  • Published
    11th Apr, 2022

Population of the one-horned species has gone up in the Kaziranga Park.


About Rhino in India:

  • The 14th rhino census was completed at the Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve.
  • All eyes are on the rhino population at the UNESCO World Heritage Site as devastating floods had swept Kaziranga since 2018, when the census was held previously.
  • From then to 2022, 400 rhinos died from natural and other causes, though poaching have significantly come down.
  • In the 2018 census, 2,413 rhinos were found in Kaziranga. But this time, 2,613 were counted. 
  • The Indian rhinoceros also called the greater one-horned rhinoceros and great Indian rhinoceros is a rhinoceros species native to the Indian subcontinent.
  • It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
  • The Indian rhinoceros once ranged throughout the entire stretch of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, but excessive hunting and agricultural development reduced its range drastically to 11 sites in northern India and southern Nepal.
  • It inhabits the alluvial grasslands of the Terai and the Brahmaputra basin.
  • The Indian rhinoceros is regionally extinct in Pakistan.

About Indian Rhino Vision:

  • It was launched in 2005.
  • IRV 2020 is an initiative led by the Forest Department, Government of Assam, in partnership with WWF India, International Rhino Foundation, and several other organizations.
  • Wild-to-wild translocations were an essential part of IRV2020, moving rhinos from densely populated parks like Kaziranga NP, to ones in need of more rhinos, like Manas NP.
  • The goal of IRV2020 was to increase the rhino population in Assam to 3,000 by establishing populations in new areas.
  • Rhinos are now found in four Protected Areas in Assam: Pobitora Wildlife Reserve, Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park, Kaziranga National Park, and Manas National Park.

Important facts about Rhino

  • There are five species and 11 subspecies of rhino. White, Black, Indian, Javan, and Sumatran make up the five species of rhino in the world. 
  • White and black rhinoceros are native to Africa.
  • Indian, Javan and Sumatran can be found in India and Asia.
  • Habitat: The animal is primarily found in the Himalayan foothills — India and Nepal.
  • World Rhino Day is celebrated on September 22 to make people more aware about rhinos and promote its conservation.
GS Classes 2024 GS Classes 2024 GS Classes 2024 UPSC Study Material

Verifying, please be patient.

Enquire Now