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21st October 2022 (6 Topics)

21st October 2022

QUIZ - 21st October 2022

5 Questions

5 Minutes

Mains Question:

Question: Discuss the role of tribals in conservation, preservation and safeguarding the richness of local biodiversity. (150 words)

Approach 

  • Introduction- brief about tribals in forests in India
  • Role in conservation 
    • slows the rate of forest degradation
    • sustainable forests management
    • low-carbon-footprint lifestyle of the tribal people 
    • wisdom and sustainable methods
    • protect the environment efficiently and cheaply
    • vital barrier to the deformation of lands
  • Give examples
    • community-led blackbuck conservation initiative in Ganjam district of Odisha
    • Biligirirangana Hills Tiger Reservein southern India 
    • Baiga tribe has set up its own project to save the forest from the forest department
  • List down the obstacles
    • Constant eviction of tribals from protected areas in the name of conservation
    • Livelihood issues
    • Ignored/excluded contributions
    • afforestation, climate change
  • Required measures 
    • Involvement of tribals in conservation initiatives
    • Incorporation of customary and traditional principles into contemporary law
    • Effective coordination
  • Conclude accordingly 

Editorials

Context:

The 11th volume of the Report of the Official Language Committee submitted to the President of India, has received no reactions from the Indian state, except Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

A special status:

  • Official Language Committee: It is a statutory committee constituted to review the progress made in the use of Hindi for the official purposes of the Union & reports to the President.
  • Section 4 (4) Official Language Act, 1963: It makes it obligatory for the President to issue directions “in accordance with the whole or any part of the committee’s report”.
  • Article 343 of the Constitution: It declares that Hindi shall be the official language of the Union. Later, the official language act of 1963 provided for the continuance of English indefinitely as the official language along with Hindi.
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