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30th November 2022 (7 Topics)

30th November 2022

QUIZ - 30th November 2022

5 Questions

5 Minutes

Mains Question:

Give your opinion on how a language acts as a national identity of a nation and also express your views on how multi-linguistic society acts as a barrier and a bridge in advocating status quo of cooperative federalism?

Question Mapping

  • Subject: Polity and Governance (GS-II)
    • Sub-topic: Issues and challenges pertaining to the Federal Structure
  • Introduction with the official language of India and the linguistic diversity India accommodates.
  • Give your opinions on language acting as a national identity, quoting examples from European countries and India.
  • Now explain cooperative federalism and how multi-language use acts as a bridge and barrier within India with commission reports like B.G. Kher commission.
  • Conclude with the importance of multilingual representation for maintaining smooth functioning and cooperation between multilingual states i.e. cooperative federalism.

Editorials

Context:

This article discusses the righteousness of opting for the language of article 345, to realize the political harmony implied in cooperative federalism.

Spelling it out

  • Language for official purpose: Article 345 leaves it to the state to choose its language for official purposes and Article 348 mentions about the use of the English language in legislative processes.
  • Development of Hindi: Article 351, directs the states to promote the spread of the Hindi language to serve as a medium of expression for the elements of the composite culture of India.

A dissent that surfaces from time to time

  • G. Kher Commission: This commission, appointed by Dr. Rajendra Prasad (Official Language Commission June 7, 1955) assumed a violent form in 1965 in Tamil Nadu resulting in more than 50 deaths.
  • Parliamentary committee on official language: So far, only the recommendations up to its 9th report in the year 2010 have been forwarded to the Houses of Parliament.
  • Recommendations of the 11th Report: It highlights its recommendations on the ‘language of instruction and examinations’ in technical courses, but neglects the question of identity in a diverse society.
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