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Settling the language for cooperative federalism

  • Published
    30th Nov, 2022


This article discusses the righteousness of opting for the language of article 345, to realize the political harmony implied in cooperative federalism.

Spelling it out

  • Language for official purpose: Article 345 leaves it to the state to choose its language for official purposes and Article 348 mentions about the use of the English language in legislative processes.
  • Development of Hindi: Article 351, directs the states to promote the spread of the Hindi language to serve as a medium of expression for the elements of the composite culture of India.

A dissent that surfaces from time to time

  • G. Kher Commission: This commission, appointed by Dr. Rajendra Prasad (Official Language Commission June 7, 1955) assumed a violent form in 1965 in Tamil Nadu resulting in more than 50 deaths.
  • Parliamentary committee on official language: So far, only the recommendations up to its 9th report in the year 2010 have been forwarded to the Houses of Parliament.
  • Recommendations of the 11th Report: It highlights its recommendations on the ‘language of instruction and examinations’ in technical courses, but neglects the question of identity in a diverse society.
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