Madhya Pradesh is going to be the first State in the country to draft a suicide prevention strategy and the government has formed a task force it.
The task force comprises of a range subject experts such as psychiatrists, legal experts, researchers, academics and social workers.
Six sub-committees have been formed to analyse the causative and preventive strategies and the task force has been mandated to submit a report in two months.
Each sub-committee has been given a specific mandate – such as understanding the sociological factors, suggesting preventive methods, devising ways to raise mass awareness and suggesting newer methods for the training of professionals and individuals.
They will also look at how the laws can be strengthened or diluted to improve the situation and understand the inter-sectoral linkages in suicide prevention.
Suicide is the practise of taking one's own life or deliberate termination of one's own physical existence.
Reasons Behind Suicide: There can be many reasons for an individual taking his own life.
Stress because of competition and academic failures as was seen in Kota, relationship failure, work pressure and economic reasons. These are among the main reasons in the 14-30 year age group.
Religious practices like 'sallekhana' or 'santhra' in Jain religion in which Jain ascetics observe starvation to death.
Political reasons like self-immolation in case of agitation and some individuals laying down their lives for the freedom of their country to set an example for others.
Poverty, debt and resulting shame lead many towards the path of suicide.
In present times stress resulting from economic, social and peer pressure is considered to be the leading cause.
Suicide in India:
According to the National Crime Records Bureau’s Accidental Deaths & Suicides in India 2020, a total of 1,53,052 suicides were reported in the country
Madhya Pradesh has third highest reported suicide cases (14,578) in the country.
At 9.5%, Madhya Pradesh was the third among the States with the highest percentage of suicides in the country, up from the third place it held in 2018 (8.8%) and 2019 (9.0%).
At 17.4%, the suicide rate (instances per one lakh population) was above the national average of 11.3.