What's New :
IAS Foundation (Prelims + Mains) 2025-26. Batch Starts: 13th December. Get Details
Samarth - Answer Writing Skill Development Program. Get Details

Gender Gap Report 2023

  • Published
    22nd Jun, 2023

The World economic Forum (WEF) released the annual Gender Gap Report 2023.

About the report:
  • The "Global Gender Gap Report 2023", assesses equality across various sectors.
  • The WEF’s Gender Gap Index measures gender parity in 146 countries and across four areas:
    • Economic participation and opportunity,
    • Educational attainment,
    • Health and survival and
    • Political empowerment.

Highlights of the Report:

  • Iceland is the most gender-equal country in the world for the 14th consecutive year and the only one to have closed more than 90% of its gender gap.
  • The Southern Asian region has achieved 63.4% gender parity, the second-lowest of the eight regions.
  • The overall gender gap closed by a mere 0.3 percent compared to the previous year in all parameters.
  • For India:
    • India had improved by 4 percentage points and eight positions since the last edition, marking a partial recovery towards its 2020 parity level.
    • India had closed 3% of the overall gender gap
    • It also underlined that India had reached only 7 % parity on economic participation and opportunity.
    • In terms of health and survival, India saw improvement with a 9 percentage point increase in the sex ratio at birth, reaching 92.7 percent parity.
    • On the political terms, India registered 3 percent gender parity, with women representing 15.1 percent of parliamentarians, marking the highest representation since the inaugural 2006 edition of the report.
  • Position of India’s Neighbours:
    • Pakistan -142,
    • Bangladesh at 59,
    • China at 107,
    • Nepal at 116,
    • Sri Lanka at 115 and
    • Bhutan at 103.
  • Other Parameters:
    • Participation in governance: Since 2017, 18 countries — including Bolivia (50.4%), India (44.4%) and France (42.3 %) — have achieved women’s representation of over 40% in local governance.
    • Skewed sex ratio: for Vietnam, Azerbaijan, India and China, they have relatively low overall rankings on the Health and Survival sub-index is explained by skewed sex ratios at birth.

Significance of the report:

  • India had made significant progress in promoting gender equality and this score is a remarkable improvement compared to the South Asian region's average value of 0.508 and is close to the world average.

Concerns highlighted:

  • The report has noted that women worldwide may have to wait for another 131 years to achieve gender parity with men.
  • This estimation means that gender equality may not be fully realised until the year 2154.
GS Mains Classes GS Classes 2024 GS Classes 2024 UPSC Study Material

Verifying, please be patient.

Our Centers

DELHI (Karol Bagh)

GS SCORE, 1B, Second Floor, Pusa Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi - 110005 (Beside Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate No. 8)

Get directions on Google Maps

BHUBANESWAR (Jaydev Vihar)

GS SCORE, Plot No.2298, Jaydev Vihar Square, Near HCG Day Care, BBSR - 751013

Get directions on Google Maps

LUCKNOW (Aliganj)

GS SCORE, 2nd Floor, B-33, Sangam Chauraha, Sector H, Aliganj, Lucknow, UP - 226024

Get directions on Google Maps

Enquire Now