What's New :
India’s Species Threat Abatement and Restoration (STAR) score.
According to a new study, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka host a large share of India’s threatened and endemic species of amphibians, birds and mammals.
Key findings of the study:
- The three states (Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka) account for 51 per cent of the country’s species threat abatement and restoration (STAR) score.
Species threat abatement and restoration (STAR) score.
- The score is a measure of the contribution that investments can make to reduce species extinction risk.
- A higher STAR score indicates greater presence of threatened species.
- It can help national and subnational governments, cities and other entities target their investments and activities to achieve conservation outcomes.
- India’s total score: India’s total national STAR score was 41,817, of which 11,585 was for mammals, 10,843 for birds and 19,389 for amphibians.
- Global score: The global STAR score for the three species groups combined was 1,223,500.
- India's national STAR score represented
- 4 per cent of the global STAR
- 7 per cent for mammals
- 9 per cent for birds
- 6 per cent for amphibians
- The top 20 per cent of all 36 states contributed 80 per cent to the national STAR score.
- These include Kerala (20 per cent)
- Tamil Nadu (18 per cent)
- Karnataka (13 per cent)
- Arunachal Pradesh (6 per cent)
- Assam (5 per cent)
- Maharashtra (5 per cent)
- Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Indian Ocean (12 per cent)
- Lowest scoring: In contrast, the 20 states with lower STAR scores contributed only 6 per cent to the national STAR score.
- This is because several of them are small in area and host few threatened species.
- Several bigger states such as Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha and Telangana, however, contributed less than 1 per cent to the national STAR score
What are the threats?
- Annual and perennial non-timber crop production.
- Such threats alone account for 44 per cent of the total Indian STAR score.
- The next important threats are biological resource use
- hunting and collecting birds and animals, logging and wood harvesting
- residential and commercial development
Verifying, please be patient.