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India’s suggestion at UNSC for reforms

  • Published
    21st Dec, 2022
Context

As India is holding presidency at UNSC started from December 1, 2022, the Permanent Representative of India spoke on the issues for reforming multilateralism and counterterrorism of United Nations.

Suggestions by India at UNSC:

  • India has urged to take forward the process of reform in United Nations working which was left over since past three decades.
  • It also mentioned that the voice of smaller states at the council remains unheard most of the times and needs reforms in that matter.
  • Issues highlighted:
    • multilateralism
    • Working against Counter-terrorism
    • Cooperation among members
    • To end the monopoly of few developed nations.
    • The Other international organisations like G20 were also compared with UN, and the workings of the organisations at global level.

India and United Nations Security Council (UNSC):

  • On 1st December, India assumed the monthly rotating presidency of the UN Security Council (UNSC) for the second time in its two-year tenure as an elected member of the Council in 2021-22.
  • India had earlier assumed UNSC presidency in August 2021.

Events organised at UNSC (hosted by India):

  • On Reformed Multilateralism:
  • A “high-level open debate” on “Maintenance of International Peace and Security: New Orientation for Reformed Multilateralism (NORMS)” at the Security Council was discussed.
  • The NORMS envisages reforms in the current multilateral architecture, with the UN at its centre, to make it more representative and fit for purpose.
  • On Counter-Terrorism:
  • The other signature event planned is the high-level briefing on the theme “Threats to International Peace and Security Caused by Terrorist Acts: Global Approach to Counter Terrorism — Challenges and Way Forward”.
  • This briefing intends to underscore the necessity of collective and coordinated efforts to combat the menace of terrorism.

About UNSC:

  • TheSecurity Council was established by the UN Charter in 1945. It is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.
  • The other 5 organs of the United Nations are—the General Assembly (UNGA), the Trusteeship Council, the Economic and Social Council, the International Court of Justice, and the Secretariat.
    • The UNSC, with a mandate to maintain international peace and security, is the centrepiece of global multilateralism.
    • The Secretary-General is appointed by the General Assembly, on the recommendation of theSecurity Council.
    • The UNSC and UNGA jointly elect judges to the International Court of Justice.
  • Composition:
    • The UNSC is composed of 15 members: 5 permanent and 10 non-permanent.
    • Five permanent members: China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
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