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1st December 2023 (9 Topics)

Is the emerging global order bipolar?

Context:

The assessments of  changing global order emphasizes China's rise, Russia's diversification, and India's strategic challenges and balancing acts.

Global Order Dynamics

  • Asymmetric Bipolarity:S. pre-eminent; China's rapid rise reshaping the global power structure.
  • People's Power Era: 21st-century defined by connectivity, interdependence, and potential bipolar impulses.
  • Russia's Nuanced Role: Russia-China ties explored, with emphasis on Russia's inclination towards diversification, particularly with India.

India's Complex Relations

  • Strategic Diversification: Russia aims to reduce dependence on China through key corridors, strengthening ties with India.
  • Interdependence Complexities: India's relations with the U.S. and China are complex, involving geopolitical considerations.
  • No Rigid Bipolarity: Despite growing competition, interdependence limits the possibility of a rigid bipolar global system.

India's Approach and Global Realities

  • India's Strategic Challenges: Recognizing long-term competition with China; addressing border tensions and power asymmetry.
  • Balancing Act: India's need for internal and external balancing; managing relations with the U.S. to perpetuate China's two-front dilemma.
  • Addressing Root Causes: Reflecting on global violence, Sharma highlights the influence of the military-industrial complex.
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