What's New :
TARGET PT 2022: Batch will be started from 6th December, 2021
GS PAPER-2 (New Batch will be started from 06th December, 2021)
IAS Foundation 2023-24: New Batch will be started from 14th December, 2021

Kerala Model vs Gujarat Model

  • Category
    Economy
  • Published
    31st May, 2019

Ever since they became the issue of debate between Jagdish Bhagwati and Amartya Sen, Kerala model and Gujarat model debate has continued and has remained relevant.

Issue

Context:

Ever since they became the issue of debate between Jagdish Bhagwati and Amartya Sen, Kerala model and Gujarat model debate has continued and has remained relevant.

About:

In a broad sense, the Gujarat model privileges growth and infrastructure development. The underlying logic was that growth and industrial development will play a bigger role in reducing poverty.

The Kerala model, on the other hand, privileged a rights-based approach to development with a strong emphasis on social and human development.

Bhagwati was a strong votary of the Gujarat model and Sen, the Kerala model. Bhagwati described the Gujarat model as a metaphor for a primarily growth and private entrepreneurship driven development and the Kerala model for a primarily redistribution and state-driven development.

Background:

Amartya Sen had upheld what he calls the “Kerala experience” — high social spending resulting in growth — as a role model for other states to follow.

He is of the view that the Gujarat development model suffered from weaknesses on the social side and could not be considered a success.

Sen had proposed a multidimensional approach to measuring poverty than based on consumption alone. He also developed the capability approach, along with the likes of Nussbaum, a concept that inspired the creation of the UN’s Human Development Index.

The capability approach brings in various factors, including individual freedoms, which were excluded from welfare economics earlier.

You must be logged in to get greater insights.
Enquire Now