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Need for climate-smart agriculture in India

  • Published
    25th Nov, 2023

Context:

Climate Smart Agriculture is the answer to the two most important issues faced by humanity in the 21st century (climate change and food insecurity.)

Climate Change Challenges and Farming Practices

  • Food Demand and Climate Impact: Meeting the rising food demand amid climate change poses dual challenges, requiring adaptation measures as traditional farming methods become less productive.
  • Productivity Imperative: The imperative to enhance agricultural production by 60% before 2050 necessitates a comprehensive strategy to address the growing demand for food.
  • Farmers' Response: Faced with reduced productivity, farmers respond by adopting adaptation measures, highlighting the urgency of innovative and sustainable farming practices.

The Role of Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA)

  • Holistic Approach: Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) offers a holistic framework with three objectives: sustainable productivity increase, climate change adaptation, and greenhouse gas emission reduction.
  • Diverse Practices: CSA incorporates diverse practices, from water-smart to carbon-smart, effectively addressing productivity concerns, land degradation, and soil health in the face of climate challenges.
  • Innovative Solutions: Implementing innovative practices, CSA serves as a proactive response to climate challenges, ensuring sustainable agriculture by mitigating risks and promoting ecological stability.

Advantages of CSA and Its Role in Climate Action

  • Diverse Benefits of CSA: CSA delivers varied advantages, fostering crop diversification, improving water efficiency, and enhancing resilience to climate disruptions for sustainable agriculture.
  • Global Climate Alignment: Beyond economic gains, CSA contributes to global climate goals, aiding carbon storage, and aligning with international commitments, showcasing its environmental significance.
  • Empowering Small Farmers: CSA, supported by government initiatives and collaborations, stands as a unique opportunity to empower small farmers, ensure food security, and promote sustainability in agriculture.
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