At the G20 Summit venue in Delhi, the historic Konark Wheel from Odisha’s Sun Temple emerged as a focal point of attention. Prime Minister has selected a wall adorned with a depiction of this ancient architecture as the backdrop for his warm welcome to world leaders.
About Konark Wheel:
The Konark Wheel is an integral part of the Sun Temple, dedicated to the sun god ‘Surya’.
Resembling a large chariot with 7 horses and 12 pairs of exquisitely decorated wheels.
The size of the wheel is of 9 feet 9 inches in diameter and each one of them having 8 wider spokes and 8 thinner spokes.
Out of these 24 wheels 6 are in either side of the main temple, 4 wheels are on each side of the Mukhasala and 2 wheels on each side of steps at eastern front.
The huge wheels of the Konark Temple are one of the major attractions in the Temple.
The wheels of the chariot have been interpreted as the 'Wheel of Life'.
They portray the cycle of creation, preservation and achievement of realisation.
These 12 pairs of wheels may also possibly represent the 12 zodiac signs.
Some also believe that the Wheel of Konark is the same as the Dharmachakra of the Buddhists – “The Wheel of Karma, The Wheel of the Law. “
Konark wheels are used as Sun dials in ancient times to know the time of the day.
The Sun Temple:
The Sun Temple at Konârak, located on the eastern shores of the Indian subcontinent.
It is built in 13th Century by King Narasimhadeva-I (AD 1238-1264).
The Sun Temple is the culmination of Kalingan temple architecture, with all its defining elements in complete and perfect form.
Components of the Temple:
The vimana (principal sanctuary) was surmounted by a high tower with a shikhara (crowning cap), which was razed in the 19th century.
To the east, the jahamogana (audience hall) dominates the ruins with its pyramidal mass.
Farther to the east, the natmandir (dance hall), today unroofed, rises on a high platform.
The Sun Temple is directly associated with the idea and belief of the personification of the Sun God, which is adumbrated in the Vedas and classical texts.