The Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSE&L) has released the Performance Grading Index (PGI) for States and Union Territories (UTs) for 2020-21.
Key findings of PGI 2020-21:
A total of 7 States and UTs, Viz., Kerala, Punjab, Chandigarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Andhra Pradesh have attained Level II (score 901-950) in 2020-21 as compared to none in 2017-18 and 4 in 2019-20.
Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Andhra Pradesh are the new entrants to the highest achieved level of any State so far.
The newly formed UT viz., Ladakh has made significant improvement in PGI from Level 8 to Level 4 in 2020-21 or improved its score by 299 points in 2020-21 as compared to 2019-20 resulting in highest ever improvement in a single year.
None of the states has so far attained the highest level (L-1).
The inter-state disparity in school education in India has reduced in the last four years.
The Indian Education System is one of the largest in the world with about 14.9 lakh schools, 95 lakh teachers, and nearly 26.5 crore students from varied socio-economic backgrounds.
About the Performance Grading Index (PGI):
The Performance Grading Index (PGI) is a unique index for evidence-based comprehensive analysis of the school education system in India.
Initiated by: Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSE&L), Ministry of Education.
Objective: to promote evidence-based policymaking and highlight course correction to ensure quality education for all.
Methodology: The PGI structure comprises 1,000 points across 70 parameters grouped into five broad categories (Learning Outcomes, Access, Infrastructure & Facilities, Equity, and Governance Process).
It ranked the states and UTs based on the scores out of 1000 points. The highest achievable grade is Level 1 with a score above 950. The lowest grade is Level 10 with a score below 551.
Recent government scheme promoting education
New India Literacy Programme (NILP): It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme to impart not only foundational literacy and numeracy but also to cover other components which are necessary for a citizen of the 21st century.
Samagra Shiksha: This is an integrated scheme covering all classes from pre-primary to senior secondary.
‘Students’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement through Quality Education (SARTHAQ): It is an indicative and suggestive Implementation Plan for School Education developed by the Department of School Education and Literacy.
National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading with Understanding and Numeracy (NIPUN Bharat): The scheme aims to ensure that every child in the country necessarily attains foundational literacy and numeracy (FLN) by the end of Grade 3.
Schemes for Online Education
SWAYAM: The ‘Study Webs of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds' (SWAYAM) is an integrated platform for offering online courses and covering school (9th to 12th) to Post Graduate Level.
SWAYAM Prabha: SWAYAM Prabha is an initiative to provide 32 High-Quality Educational Channels through DTH (Direct to Home) across the length and breadth of the country on a 24X7 basis.
National Digital Library (NDL): The National Digital Library of India (NDL) is a project to develop a framework of a virtual repository of learning resources with a single-window search facility.
Free and Open Source Software for Education (FOSSEE): FOSSEE is a project promoting the use of open-source software in educational institutions.
E-Yantra: e-Yantra is a project for enabling effective education across engineering colleges in India on embedded systems and Robotics.
Other major initiatives include:
UG/PG MOOCs for non-technology courses
e-PG Pathshala or e-content containing modules on social science, arts, fine arts, natural and mathematical science
Vidwan – a database of experts who provide information to peers and prospective collaborators,
NEAT – an initiative by AICTE based on the PPP model to enhance the employability skill among students, in collaboration with Education Technology Companies. the National Digital Library (NDL), a repository of learning resources with a single-window facility.