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16th November 2023 (10 Topics)

PM PVTG Development Mission

Context:

Recently, the Prime Minister has launched Rs. 24000 Crores PM PVTG Development Mission for most vulnerable group amongst the Tribal Population.

About the mission:

  • Objective: The PM-PVTG Development Mission program aims to improve the socio-economic status of Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).
    • For this, availability of Rs.15, 000 crore for Scheduled Tribes has been envisaged in the Union Budget.
  • Key Parameters:
  • The mission includes;
  • Providing basic facilities like safe housing,
  • Clean drinking water and sanitation,
  • Education, health and nutrition,
  • Better access to roads in settlements for backward scheduled tribes.

Who are Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)?

  • The Ministry of Home Affairs has designated 75 tribal groups across 18 states and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).
  • Identified as the most vulnerable among tribal communities, the concept of PVTGs was introduced in 1975 by the Government of India.
  • Initially comprising 52 tribal groups, this category expanded in 1993 with the inclusion of 23 additional groups, bringing the current total to 75.

Notably, Odisha has the highest concentration of PVTGs, with 13 groups, followed by Andhra Pradesh with 12.

How are they classified?

  • The Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs): PVTGs are more vulnerable among the tribal groups and are determined by the given criteria:
    • They have declining or stagnant populations,
    • low levels of literacy,
    • pre-agricultural levels of technology and
    • Economically backward.

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