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150th birth anniversary year of Sri Aurobindo

Published: 7th Mar, 2022


The Government is committed to expanding Auroville into a ‘city’ in line with the existing Master Plan, amidst reaffirmed support to the experimental township.

  • The first Auroville Festival was organized recently to mark the 150th birth anniversary year of Sri Aurobindo.


About Sri Aurobindo:

  • Sri Aurobindo was born in Calcutta in
  • After studying in London, he returned to India in 1893 and worked for the Princely State of Baroda in the service of the Maharaja and as a professor in Baroda College.
  • During this period he also joined a revolutionary society and took a leading role in secret preparations for an uprising against the British Government in India.
  • In 1906, soon after the Partition of Bengal, Sri Aurobindo quit his post in Baroda and went to Calcutta, and became one of the leaders of the Nationalist movement.
  • He was the first political leader in India to openly put forward, in his newspaper Bande Mataram, the idea of complete independence for the country.
  • He was prosecuted twice for sedition and once for conspiracy, he was released each time for lack of evidence.
  • In 1910 he withdrew from politics and went to Pondicherry in order to devote himself entirely to his inner spiritual life and work.
  • During his forty years in Pondicherry he evolved a new method of spiritual practice, which he called the Integral Yoga.
  • Its aim is a spiritual realisation that not only liberates man's consciousness but also transforms his nature.
  • In 1926, with the help of his spiritual collaborator, the Mother, he founded the Sri Aurobindo Ashram.
  • Among his many writings are The Life Divine, The Synthesis of Yoga and Savitri. 

About Auroville:

  • It was founded in 1968 by Mirra Alfassa, known as ‘The Mother’.
  • Auroville currently has a population of 3200 people, with the Auroville Foundation owning 3,300 acres of land. A plan, known as the Galaxy Plan, envisages a city of 50,000 residents.
  • Created on the lines of the Galaxy Plan, the Auroville Universal Township Master Plan (perspective 2025) was approved by the HRD Ministry in 2001.
  • According to the Master Plan, the ‘Galaxy’ is planned to be 20 square kilometres in size, of which 5 sq km are to be the city and 15 sq km are to be the ‘green belt’.
  • The city is planned to have four zones: residential, cultural, industrial and international.
    • Apart from this, there will be the ‘Crown’, which the Master Plan defines as “a special use zone, which traverses all the four zones in a concentric fashion with a width of 75 meters, consisting of a circular road with buildings facing it.”
    • This Crown area will provide most of the service facilities required to support the activities in the four zones.

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