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Democratic Republic of Congo declared a new Ebola epidemic

Published: 8th Jun, 2020

Democratic Republic of Congo declared a new Ebola epidemic in the western city of Mbandaka.

  • Democratic Republic of Congo declared a new Ebola epidemic in the western city of Mbandaka.

What is Ebola Virus Disease?

  • Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a rare but severe, often fatal illness in humans.
  • The Ebola virus causes an acute, serious illness which is often fatal if untreated. EVD first appeared in 1976 in 2 simultaneous outbreaks.
  • The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.
  • Ebola virus is a member of the Filoviridae family or filoviruses.
    • The virus family Filoviridae includes three genera: Cuevavirus, Marburgvirus, and Ebolavirus. Within the genus Ebolavirus, six species have been identified: Zaire, Bundibugyo, Sudan, Taï Forest, Reston and Bombali. 
  • The Ebola virus targets the host’s (infected person's) blood and immune system, which can lead to bleeding and a weakened immune system
  • The average EVD case fatality rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks.
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