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  • Category
    Economy
  • Published
    8th Oct, 2020

India’s first Pan India time use survey has been released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

Context

India’s first Pan India time use survey has been released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

About

What is Time Use Survey (TUS)? 

  • A time use survey measures the amount of time people spend doing various activities, such as paid work, childcare, volunteering, and socialising.
  • The primary objective of a time use survey (TUS) is to measure participation of men and women in paid and unpaid activities.
  • The “NSS Report- Time Use in India 2019” is the first such pan India survey conducted.
  • It is a sample survey conducted between January and December 2019 in which 1.39 lakh households across the country and 4.47 lakh persons over the age of 6 were enumerated.

Important findings of the Report

  • While the large chunk of paid work is done by men, unpaid work is largely done by women.
  • Participation in paid employment: The participation rate of men in paid employment (jobs, farming, fishing, mining amongst other economic activities) is high.
    • Men: The participation of men is at 57.3 per cent.
    • Women: Women participation rate is only 18.4 per cent.
  • Participation in unpaid work: When it comes to unpaid work (cooking food, cleaning, or unpaid caregiving like looking after a dependent child or an adult) the participation of women is very high.
    • Women:2 per cent women participate in unpaid domestic services spending an average 4 hours 59 minutes each day.
    • Men: The participation rate of men in domestic services is low at 26.1 per cent.

What kind of information is provided by the Index?

  • TUS is an important source of information on the time spent in unpaid caregiving activities, volunteer work, unpaid domestic service producing activities of the household members.
  • It also provides information on time spent on learning, socialising, leisure activities, self-care activities.

Global scenario

  • Over the last three decades, a number of developed countries have been conducting time use surveys with increasing frequency.
    • The United States has been doing one annually since 2003.
    • Australia conducted its first full-scale national survey in 1992.
    • Canada has been doing it since 1961.
    • Germany, Austria, and Israel have also conducted these surveys.

The findings of these surveys are deemed to be helpful in drafting policies on poverty, gender equity and human development.

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