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First patient of animal hospice in Wayanad sanctuary convalescing

  • Category
    Ecology and Environment
  • Published
    6th Jul, 2022

Context

An injured tiger, the first animal which was admitted to the animal hospice and palliative care unit for big cats in the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (WWS), is recovering.

About

  • The animal had an injury on the joint of its right forelimb which it apparently sustained after a fight with another big cat.
  • The life expectancy of a tiger in its habitat is nearly 12 years, an age the animal has already reached. If the tiger is released into the wild, the chance of conflict with another tiger for territory is very high. 

Animal hospice and palliative care unit for big cats in the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (WWS):

  • The Hospice unit has been set up on the premises of Vanalakshmi, an abandoned pepper plantation of the Forest Department near Pachadi in the Kurichiad forest range, at a cost of ?1.12 crore.
  • The unit functions as a rehabilitation centre for major carnivores such as tigers and leopards with a facility to hold four animals at a time.
  • A trench is also dug around the unit as a part of protection measures. 

About Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

  • This wildlife sanctuary is located in Wayanad, Kerala.
  • Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (WWS) is an integral part of theNilgiri Biosphere Reserve.
    • Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve was the first from India to be included in the UNESCO designated World Network of Biosphere Reserves (designated in 2012).
  • Established in: 1973
  • It is the second largest wildlife sanctuary in Kerala.
  • This wildlife sanctuary is bounded by the protected area network of Nagarhole National Park and Bandipur National Park in Karnatakain the northeast, and on the southeast by Mudumalai National Park in Tamil Nadu.
  • Kabini river (a tributary of the Cauvery river)flows through the sanctuary.
  • It is part of theDeccan Plateau and Western Ghats.
    • The forest types include South Indian Moist Deciduous forests, West coast semi-evergreen forests and plantations of teak, eucalyptus and Grewelia.
  • It comes under Protect Elephant.
    • Elephant, Gaur, Tiger, Panther, Sambar, Spotted deer, Wild boar, Sloth bear, Nilgiri langur, Bonnet macaque, Common langur, Malabar giant squirrel etc are the major mammals.
  • This protection area is inhabited by Paniyas, Kurubas, Adiyans, Kurichiyas, Ooralis and Kattunaikkans scheduled tribes.
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