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‘Fortification of edible oil with Vitamins A and D’

  • Category
  • Published
    16th Nov, 2020


FSSAI is considering to make it mandatory to fortify edible oil with vitamins A and D so that people of India can enjoy better immunity with good health.

What is Oil fortification?

  • Oil fortification, i.e. the process of adding micronutrients to edible oil to increase its nutritional value, is expected to achieve almost 99% penetration of the Indian population due to the widespread use of cooking oil.
  • All kinds of edible oils (soybean, palmolein, groundnut, cotton seed, mustard, etc.) can be fortified.

The need

  • Multiple micronutrient deficiencies are rampant in India, and continue to be significant public health problems, which adversely impact the health and productivity of all the population groups.
  • More than 57% of children suffer from vitamin A deficiency, which may be symptomatic or present at the sub-clinical level.
  • In addition, a high proportion of pregnant women and their new-borns suffer from Vitamin D deficiency. 
  • Since vitamin A and D are fat-soluble vitamins, fortification of edible oils and fats with vitamin A and D is a good strategy to address micronutrient malnutrition and fortified oil is known to provide 25%-30% of the recommended dietary allowances for vitamins A&D.

Health benefits

Vitamin A

  • Good for healthy vision, bones, skin and tissues
  • Fights cell damage
  • Works as antioxidant
  • Helps skin growth and repair
  • Formation and maintenance of teeth

Vitamin D

  • Regulates the amount of phosphate and calcium in the body
  • Keeps bones, teeth and muscles healthy
  • Facilitates normal immune system function
  • Regulates mood and prevents depression


  • Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is an autonomous body established under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India.
  • The FSSAI has been established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006, which is a consolidating statute related to food safety and regulation in India.
  • FSSAI is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety.

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